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Parasit Host Dis > Volume 3(3):1965 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1965 Dec;3(3):107-111. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1965.3.3.107
Copyright © 1965 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Metabolism of C14-glucose by Ascaridia galli
Han Jong Rim,Kwang Soo Kim,Soo Hyun Seong,Sang Don Rhee,Byong Jong On and Hyun Kyo Lee
Department of Parasitology and Institute of Endemic Diseasess, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.

The fowl nematode Ascaridia galli employed in this experiment was obtained from the intestine of domestic fowls at the local market. The worms selected and washed several times in normal sterilized saline solution. Each about thirty of intact worms were incubated in 50 cc volume of special incubation flasks with incubation mixture consisting of 10 cc of Krebs-Ringer phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) to which were added universally labeled C14-glucose and non-radioactive carrier glucose so as to contain concentration of 200 mg per cent. The worms were allowed to incubation for 3 hours in Dubnoff metabolic shaking incubator at 38℃.

After incubation period, respiratory CO2 samples from central well of incubation flask were analysed for total CO2 production rate and their specific activity of respiratory CO2. Glycogen samples isolated from worms were analysed for uptake rate was determined by analyzing the difference of the glucose concentration in a medium before and after incubation period. Radioactivities of these series of experiments were counted by an endwindow Geiger-Muller counter as an infinitely thin samples.

The quantitative analysis of C14-glucose utilized by Ascaridia galli was summarized as the following.

1. The glucose uptake rate by A. galli was a mean value of 1.73±0.32 µM per hour per gram of wet wt. and total CO2 production rate by the worms averaged 8.44±1.11 µM per hour per gram of wet wt. The relative specific activity of respiratory CO2 (R.S.A CO2) averaged 2.68±0.38 per cent. Thus, a man of 2.68 per cent of total CO2 production rate was originated from the glucose in the medium, therefore the rate of CO2 production derived from medium glucose was a mean of 0.23±0.03 µM per hour per gram of wet wt. Thus, the average value of 2.58±0.55 percent (R.G.D CO2)of glucose utilized by the worms from the medium glucose was oxidized to respiratory CO2.

2. The tissue concentration of glycogen in A. galli was a mean of 22.59±1.18 miligram per gram of wet wt or 2.26±0.123 percent per gram, and the turnover rate of glycogen pool yielded with a mean of 0.17±0.04 percent per hour or 0.037±0.006 miligram per hour per gram of wet wt. Therefore, a mean value of 16.37±4.04 per cent (R.G.D gly) of glucose was incorporated to the glycogen.

3. These data account for that at least 18.95 per cent of the utilized glucose by the worms participated in furnishing the oxidation into respiratory CO2 and the synthetic process into glycogen.

According to the above data of the experiment, it is suggested in the metabolic process of glucose by Ascaridia galli that the synthetic process into the glycogen is more active than the oxidative process into the respiratory CO2.


Table 1
The glucose uptake rate and conversion of C14-glucose into respiratory CO2 by Ascaridia galli

Table 2
The tissue concentration of glycogen and conversion of C14-glucose into glycogen by Ascaridia galli

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10. Seo BS, Rim HJ, Lee SI, Park DK, Moon SC. [Metabolism of C(14)-glucose by Paramphistomum cervi]. Korean J Parasitol 1965;3(1):5–9.
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